Bed sacks on the buttocks appear in people confined to a bed or a wheelchair. Skin ulcers are very painful if an infection joins them. This ailment most often affects elderly patients who are forced to lie still for a long time, as well as those who are in a coma. What to do and how to handle bedsores at home? What folk remedies will help to quickly remove the pathological lesions in bed patients? All the answers, read our article.
What causes bed sores?
The main reason for the formation of erosion – on the hips, buttocks, lower back, shoulder blades – is excessive friction and pressure on the skin as a result of maintaining the same position for a long time. The skin becomes moist and not sufficiently ventilated. Immobility leads to a decrease in blood flow to the affected areas and inflammation of these areas.
Bedsores are more common in people with such disorders as:
- low weight due to long illness;
- loss of sensation in certain parts of the body;
- lack of nutrition;
- incontinence, feces;
- Very dry, dehydrated skin.
Risk factors include the use of long-term corticosteroids; alcohol consumption; smoking; the presence of malignant tumors, edema, hip fractures, infections, injuries of the spinal cord.
What are the symptoms and stages of bedsores
Pressure ulcers usually differ in skin color, which is covered with yellow, brown, greenish spots. A region strongly affected by the ulcerative process acquires a dark purple or maroon tint. In the development of the disease, there are 4 stages, depending on the damage to the skin.
Stage I. (the earliest symptoms). In patients with pale skin, thinning and irritation of the skin can appear on the buttocks, redness that does not go away, even if you press on it with your finger. In addition, this area of the skin becomes more tender and itchy.
Stage II. Superficial wounds appear on the skin, affecting only the upper layer of the epidermis. Erosion extends to the subcutaneous tissue and violates its integrity.
Stage III. The ulcer begins to deepen, the wound festers, dead skin patches appear, through which muscle and fatty tissues are visible.
Stage IV. The most difficult, as the necrotic process goes deep, reach the bones, tendons, joints, and muscles. The affected area is filled with pus. Treatment at this stage of the disease requires surgical intervention.
Pressure ulcers are very vulnerable to infections, as pathogenic bacteria easily penetrate through the exposed skin layers. We list the signs of infection of the bedsores on the buttocks:
- bad smell coming from a wound;
- Redness, swelling and temperature increase of the hyperemic area.
Treatment of bedsores at home
Bedsores are a source of permanent discomfort and a serious problem for patients and health care workers. For deep, poorly healing wounds with purulent-necrotic foci, surgical assistance, regular rehabilitation, and treatment are required. If soft tissue and bone infection are observed, antibiotics are needed.
At the first signs of pressure sores on the buttocks and other parts of the body, the patient should avoid friction by all means. Pay attention to the bed: it should not be hard and barbed. What else can be done to prevent necrotic changes on the skin?
- Use special anti-decubitus pillows and mattresses that are designed for patients with limited mobility. By the way, many of them make biomatras themselves, falling asleep seeds of millet and flax in a regular cotton pillowcase. The main thing is to fit the buttocks and the back of the patient.
- Keep your skin clean and dry. To do this, it is enough to clean the body with a soft, damp cloth with soap and then wipe with a towel, but without effort, in order to avoid strong friction.
- Change the body position of a person who is lying down more often: at least once every 2 hours. If the patient is in a wheelchair, try changing their position every 15 minutes. Any range of movements improves blood circulation, maintains muscle mass, prevents the occurrence of contractures.
- If possible, do the most basic exercises right in bed. Start by raising one hand and then the other hand for at least a few seconds.
- To prevent the development of infection, change the bandage as often as recommended by the doctor.
- Wash the skin with baby soap and water. Just ask your doctor, what cream can be used to moisturize and disinfect the skin.
- Do not use iodine and hydrogen peroxide to cleanse the pressure sores: they can dry out the inflamed areas even more.
- Many adult non-walking patients require diapers, which should be changed on time. This will prevent the formation of bedsores on the buttocks. To reduce skin moisture and to prevent ulcers, pressure sites can be powdered with antiseptic powder (for example, baneocin, xeroform).
- Provide supine good nutrition, with enough vitamins and minerals, and then the skin will be in good condition.
Folk remedies for bedsores
In addition to the tips mentioned above, try effective home remedies that promote the healing of bedsores on the buttocks.
- Honey is a natural antiseptic that helps to soften the skin, reduce pain and inflammation. Mix the same amount of sugar and honey to form a thick paste, apply 1 time per day directly on the sore spot and cover with a clean bandage.
- Aloe juice has a sedative effect, reduces the risk of infection of the wound, and allows to cure the bedsores naturally. Wash the skin in places where it appears thinning and peeling, squeeze the aloe healing gel out of the sheet and rub gently for 5 minutes. Let it dry. Use the tool 3 times a day to get the best result.
- Turmeric is considered one of the safest and most natural home remedies for the treatment of pressure sores, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Turmeric powder is applied to the pre-cleaned skin and covered with a clean dressing, applied three times a day until the condition improves.
- Coconut oil is a great assistant in the fight against bedsores. Heat a little coconut oil and apply it on the buttocks, back, limbs. Gently massage these areas until completely absorbed. Repeat the procedure 3-4 times a day.
- Pine resin is an excellent base for bedsore ointment. For 10 g of the drug take 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil, 100 g of beeswax and 2 tablespoons of fresh butter. All the ingredients are added to the heated vegetable oil and then heated in a water bath, stirring slightly until a homogeneous mixture is obtained. An ointment is ready. It is applied chilled on damaged tissue, covered with cellophane, and then with a handkerchief and held for 24 hours.
- Vitamin C is necessary for skin regeneration, raising immunity. To the patient’s diet, add more foods rich in this vitamin: green vegetables, oranges, lemons, currants.
- Vaseline. It will help moisturize the skin and will promote its healing during the initial stage of pressure sores.
- Lysol is a disinfectant liquid that needs to be sprayed 2-3 times a day onto wounds on bedsores on the buttocks.
- Massage is an effective method for the prevention of pressure ulcers. It can be performed using essential oils 1 time per day. Well suited for massage and sea buckthorn oil. Do not massage those skin areas that are near open wounds!
To achieve the best result, combine different methods of treatment, so as not to give the bedsores a chance!